Proposals for Improving the Reintegration Process of American Soldiers

Published May 7, 2018

Foreward: Remembering Stephen Johnston Last spring, the Review and the Columbia community lost one of our own. Stephen Johnston was an indomitable force within the Columbia community and a brilliant Editor-in-Chief of the Review. To honor Stephen’s life, the 2018 Editorial Board chose to dedicate one of the selected pieces to Stephen. The following piece… Read more

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Asexual, Intersex et al. (LGBTQAI+) Health Access Disparities in Female-Identified Clients

Published May 7, 2018

INTRODUCTION: CODIFYING BASIC RIGHTS To address lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, asexual, intersex et al. (LGBTQAI+) health policy, we must consider the historical context of the population in the United States.1 Within the last twenty years, the legal system codified basic safety and fundamental rights for LGBTQAI+ citizens. The legal system makes change slower than… Read more

Developing Mental Health Laws in Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia

Published Apr 30, 2017

ABSTRACT Mental health has become a national health priority in the West; however, it is still an overlooked issue in most African countries. Sixty-four percent of African countries do not have any mental health legislations or fail to adequately promote the rights of people diagnosed with mental illnesses (Mental Health and Poverty Project & World… Read more

Factors that Contribute to Intimate Partner Violence in Same-Sex Relationships with HIV/AIDS

Published Apr 30, 2017

ABSTRACT The proposed study is designed to begin research into the impact of HIV/AIDS status on intimate partner violence (IPV) in same-sex couples. By comparing IPV in gay men’s relationships in which HIV/AIDS is present and relationships in which it is not, the proposal asserts that this research is necessary to further research and create… Read more

Effectiveness of Skills Groups for Adolescents in Correctional Settings: A Scientific Systematic Review

Published Apr 30, 2017

ABSTRACT According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2014), approximately 50,821 adolescents are held in residential placement facilities on any given day in the United States. Data suggests that about 20% of these adolescents suffer from mental health issues (Shelton, et al., 2011). This paper reviewed studies of three different group work-based… Read more

Evaluating the Success of Written Mitigation in Reducing Prison Sentences and Achieving Alternatives to Incarceration for Parole Violations

Published Apr 28, 2016

Abstract It is estimated that 2.4 million individuals are incarcerated in federal, state, and county prisons and jails in the United States, the largest number seen in the developed world (Flatow, 2014). In addition, there are an estimated 4.75 million, or 1 in 51, adults under community supervision in the United States (Herberman & Bonczar,… Read more

Queerspawn on the Couch: A Guide for Clinicians Working With Youth and Adults With LGBT Parents

Published Apr 28, 2016

Abstract Support for LGBTQ families is on the rise and many research studies have been published proving that children with LGBTQ parents fare just as well as children raised by heterosexual, cisgender parents. However, despite the growing acceptance of LGBTQ families, much of the literature and many community resources have only focused on the parents…. Read more

A Narrative Inquiry of Charter School Social Work and the “No Excuses” Behavior Model

Published Apr 28, 2016

Abstract Neoliberal education reform has resulted in a growing number of charter schools across the country, many of which are concentrated in low-income communities of color (Kahlenberg & Potter, 2014). Charter schools serving these demographics often practice a “no excuses” pedagogy featuring two components: (1) universal, precise behavioral expectations and (2) systematic rewards for compliance… Read more

Addressing the Homelessness Crisis in New York City: Increasing Accessibility for Persons With Severe and Persistent Mental Illness

Published Apr 28, 2016

Abstract Homelessness continues to be a persistent and highly visible public health issue in New York City. New York/New York III, the current initiative that aims to expand supportive housing services for New York City’s chronically homeless mentally ill population, will expire in June 2016. In the context of shifting policies reflecting the growing popularity… Read more

The Promise of Music Therapy: Understanding and Treating Individuals With Comorbid Eating Disorders and Physical Disabilities

Published Apr 28, 2016

Abstract Research has historically dismissed the prevalence of eating disorders in people with disabilities, yet studies and clinical observations suggest that individuals with physical disabilities are at increased risk for developing eating disorders. Due to this discrepancy, there is little awareness of how to treat eating disorders among this population. Self-understanding is a key component… Read more

Editorial – Spring 2014

Published Jan 12, 2016

The Editorial Board of the Columbia Social Work Review holds a firm conviction that social workers must possess advanced written communication skills to serve individuals and communities and advance the field as a whole. In Spring 2014, the Board administered a survey to currently-enrolled master’s students at Columbia School of Social Work (CSSW) to explore… Read more

Understanding Female Genital Cutting in the United Kingdom within Immigrant Communities

Published Apr 29, 2015

  ABSTRACT The age-old tradition of Female Genital Cutting (FGC), most commonly known as Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), is a coming-of-age ritual practiced in some countries in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America. It is also practiced in the immigrant communities that migrate from these regions to Western countries. There are a multitude… Read more

Reaching the Unreachable: The Promise of Telepsychiatry in India

Published Apr 29, 2015

  ABSTRACT A 2005 study by the National Commission on Macroeconomics and Health indicated that at least 71 million people in India have a serious mental disorder. Despite this alarming statistic, infrastructure as well as manpower for mental health in the country is severely inadequate. Furthermore, 70% of the population lives in rural areas, far… Read more

Raise the Age: Legislation Reform for the Juvenile Justice System

Published Apr 29, 2015

  ABSTRACT Juvenile justice policies in New York State put adolescents at risk for experiencing trauma in the criminal justice system. As a result of their precarious stage of development and limitations in brain functioning, adolescents face grave consequences when prosecuted and sentenced as adults. Adolescents need to be given sustainable solutions through rehabilitation in… Read more

With Shoes Tied Around My Neck: Trans-Identified Exceptionalism and (Un)intentional Realities for LGB in Iran

Published Apr 29, 2015

  ABSTRACT This paper explores the history and modern-day social relevance of state-sanctioned acceptance and support of trans-identified individuals in Iran. As a result of a declaration made by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in 1987, Gender Confirmation Surgery (GCS) has become a state-subsidized option for trans-identified persons looking to transition. Iran now completes more… Read more

Employment First* (not only)

Published Apr 29, 2015

  ABSTRACT Do you know your preferred employment outcome? Many of you reading this editorial may not have a disability, but if you do and you qualify to receive employment services, your options are being limited as you read this because of a policy known as Employment First. This approach sets “community-based, integrated employment –… Read more

Intimate Partner Violence: Restorative Justice and Trauma-informed Care

Published Apr 29, 2015

  ABSTRACT The social work profession is positioned to play a critical role in redefining services for responsible parties in intimate partner violence. The traditional approaches to intimate partner violence services, which focus on confrontational rehabilitation rather than therapy, are due to undergo a shift. Models of trauma-informed care and restorative justice are promising alternatives… Read more

Women in Conflict

Published Apr 29, 2015

  ABSTRACT This article focuses on female combatants serving in armed conflicts in Africa, South America, and Asia, profiling their time engaged with these forcesas well as the realities they face upon their return to civilian life. Women play a significant role in these conflicts, sometimes constituting up to 30% of the armed forces, although… Read more

Children and the Mind/Body Connection: Mindfulness-Based Practice with Children Who Have Cancer

Published Apr 16, 2014

ABSTRACT In recent years, clinicians have increased their use of mindfulness-based practice and have extended its use to the treatment of adults who have cancer. Although research has demonstrated the physical and psychological benefits of these practices with adult cancer patients and with children in the general population, there is little research specifically on the… Read more

Columbia School of Social Work Can Better Support Development of Effective Writing Skills

Published Apr 15, 2014

ABSTRACT The Editorial Board of the Columbia Social Work Review holds a firm conviction that social workers must possess advanced written communication skills to serve individuals and communities and advance the field as a whole. To pair this conviction with action, the Board conducted a survey to explore student experiences with writing in graduate studies… Read more

Crucial Conversations: Exploring Intergenerational Trauma in Post-Conflict Guatemala

Published Apr 4, 2013

  ABSTRACT Guatemala is a country fractured by years of sociopolitical conflict and instability. In the summer of 2011, I secured grant funding to implement supportive counseling and educational services, in conjunction with a local nonprofit organization, to help local children better understand and process the profound effects of the country’’s civil war, which ended… Read more

An Uncommon Disorder That is Fairly Common among Institutionalized Children   

Published Nov 9, 2012

ABSTRACT Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is a psychological disorder that affects a child’s ability to develop appropriate social relatedness. It was first added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual in the 1980s. There are two types of RAD: inhibited, which results in extreme social isolation and watchfulness, and disinhibited, which results in inappropriate social familiarity… Read more

A Social Exclusion Perspective on Social Work in Latin America

Published Oct 27, 2012

ABSTRACT This paper explores the relationship between social work and social exclusion within the context of poverty as capability deprivation. It suggests that a social exclusion perspective could be relevant and useful to social work theory and practice in Latin America. The Chile Solidario Program is used as an example of a social program that… Read more

A Deconstruction and Critique of the Female Intervention Team

Published Oct 23, 2012

ABSTRACT Over the past decade, there has been a significant increase in female juvenile offenders resulting in a growing interest in how to best address delinquent girls. In response to the changing demographics of juvenile offenders, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), a part of the Department of Justice, has called for… Read more

A Brief Review of Issues in PTSD Research Following the September 11 Tragedies

Published Oct 23, 2012

ABSTRACT The attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) on September 11, 2001 resulted in the largest loss of life due to terrorism that the United States has ever encountered. Terrorism often results in pronounced numbers of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) cases. Following the September 11 attacks, many research studies reported increases in PTSD,… Read more

Dual Punishment: Incarcerated Mothers and Their Children

Published Oct 23, 2012

ABSTRACT Children with incarcerated parents are among the most at-risk populations in the United States. The recent trend toward mass incarceration in the United States, especially of women, has harmful implications for children because often their primary caregiver becomes incarcerated. Research indicates that children with incarcerated mothers are at heightened risk for attachment disturbance, leading… Read more

Cash Transfers in Emergencies

Published Oct 23, 2012

ABSTRACT The famine that began in the Horn of Africa during the summer of 2011 is the worst that the region has seen in over 60 years. With 13.3 million people in need of assistance and the lives of 750,000 in jeopardy, there is an urgent need for a quick and effective response. A growing… Read more

A Case for Evidence-Based Practice

Published Oct 17, 2012

ABSTRACT Evidence-based practice (EBP) has enjoyed increasing popularity in the field of social work. However, not everyone is enthusiastic about this movement. This paper defines EBP, attempts to clarify common misconceptions about EBP, and organizes and analyzes some of the criticisms of EBP so that the field of social work can move onto a more… Read more

Designer Vaginas

Published Oct 17, 2012

  ABSTRACT The goal of creating the idealized female form is neither new nor novel. Women have been altering their bodies for centuries. However, the focus recently has come onto the vagina – the most culturally value-laden of anatomical parts. This paper seeks to explore how historical representations and contemporary perceptions of the vagina have… Read more

Anger and Military Veterans

Published Oct 17, 2012

ABSTRACT Anger problems are most evident in veterans who are diagnosed with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and have been exposed to combat. Because of the institutionalized role anger plays in military training, identity, and culture, anger problems are also an issue for former soldiers who have neither PTSD nor combat experience. Consequently, anger problems are… Read more

“War is not the Only Trauma:” Rethinking Psychosocial Healing in Complex Emergencies

Published Oct 16, 2012

ABSTRACT War inevitably leads to a degree of psychological trauma among affected populations. This paper critiques Western-based, clinical interventions as detrimental to an already demoralized population. Ager’s (2002) framework of psychosocial intervention – human capacity, social ecology, and culture and values – is appropriate in the context of complex emergencies. Building upon an ecosystems perspective,… Read more